Fire Resistance

"Fire Resistance" means the ability of a building component to resist a fully developed fire, while still performing its function. Fire resistance in the form of a fire rating, can be applied only to a total building element incorporating plywood eg. a fire door or a wall or roof system. A product cannot be fire rated.

Plywood is suitable as a material used in fire resistance components or structures providing it is combined with other materials so as to meet the fire resistant requirements. This can be achieved chemically, however the usual method is to combine plywood with non-combustible materials such as fibrous-cement or fire grade plasterboard.

The Building Code of Australia (BCA) is a uniform set of technical provisions for the design and construction of buildings and other structures throughout Australia. The BCA includes a section on Fire Resistance, and designers and builders must ensure that their constructions satisfy this section.

There are 3 categories for plywood used in constructions : Floor Materials and Coverings; Wall and Ceiling Linings; and Other materials. The following tables list the properties for each of these types. For more information, you can download the "EWPAA Fire Resistance" fact sheet from the EWPAA web site.

Floor Materials and Coverings

Smoke development rate
Pine, Hoop – Araucaria cunninghamii
15mm or greater
Between 2.2
and 4.5
Less than 750
Pine, Radiata – Pinus Radiata
17mm or greater
Pine, Slash – Pinus Elliottii
17mm or greater

Wall and Ceiling Linings

Group No.
Average Specific
Extinction Area (m2/kg)
Pine, Radiata – Pinus Radiata
6mm or greater
< 250
Lauan – Shorea agsaboensis
< 250
Pine, Hoop
Pine, Slash

Extract from the EWPAA Publication "Facts About Plywood", courtesy of the EWPAA.

Useful Resources

Fire Requirements for Internal Wall and Ceiling Linings (EWPAA Technical Note)

Factsheet - Fire Performance of Timber Panel Products

Flowchart - Specifying re Fire Performance

Group 3 Certificate (Hoop Pine Plywood - solid panel)

Consider also

Austral FireHoop
Austral FR Panel